The Kathmandu valley related to the spiritual traditions region. which is blends different culture and lifestyle practiced in its own way. The thousands of temples, stupas, pagodas and monuments inside the valley have made Kathmandu famous in the world as the City of Temples. The mountains encircling the valley surround three medieval cities - Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. Each city inside the valley has an artistic exposition of graceful temples, elegant palaces, brick-paved courtyards and quaint streets.
Kathmandu provides a close glimpse of Nepal. It not only showcases the rich culture of the Nepalese people but also takes you back in time through its architectural marvels. The tour takes you to four places: Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pashupatinath, Bauddhanath and Swayambhunath temples that hold both religious and cultural importance to the Nepalese people kwon as a world heritage sites.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of the most popular tourist destinations as enlisted in World Heritage Sites. Clustered around the central Durbar Square are the old Royal Palace (Hanuman Dhoka), numerous interesting temples, the Kumari Chowk or Kumari Bahal (House of the Living Goddess) and the Kasthamandap (House of Wood) from which Kathmandu derived its present name. An exquisitive exploration in the Durbar Square reveals the ancient art and architecture of Nepal.
The Swayambhunath Temple has a compelling mix of Hindu and Buddhist shrines located approximately 4 kilometers west of kathmandu city and this Buddhist Stupa is said to be 2000 years old.The Stupa forms the main structure is composed of a solid hemisphere of brick and earth supporting a lofty conical spire capped by a pinnacle of copper gilt. Painted on the four sided base of the spire are the all seeing eyes of Lord Buddha. This hill is a mosaic of small Chaityas and Pagoda temples. It is popularly known amongst foreigners as the Monkey Temple owing to the large monkey population residing in the area.
Pashupatinath Temple is situated on the banks of the sacred Bagmati river and it is one of the holiest Hindus temples dedicated to Lord Shiva which is about 5 kilometers east of Kathmandu City.The temple area is full of other smaller temples of numerous Hindu deities which gives the whole place an ambience of a sacred paradise.the temple built in pagoda style has jilted roof and richly carved silver doors. Visitors are permitted to view the temple from the east bank of Bagmati River, as entrance into the temple is strictly forbidden to all non Hindus.
The Bauddhanath Stupa
This is one of the biggest stupas in South Asia which is situated 8 kilometers east of Kathmandu city, was built on the ancient trade route to Tibet. Beside the main stupa which was built in a Nepali Buddhist style, there are over fifty Tibetan monasteries around the area built by Tibetan merchants and the large influx of Tibetan refugees over the years. Here, you not only get to appreciate the spectacular art and architecture of ancient Nepal but that of neighboring Tibet as well. It stands with four pairs of eyes in the four cardinal direction keeping watch for righteous behaviour and human prosperity.
This Stupa, situated 8 kilometers east of Kathmandu city, is one of the biggest stupa in the world. It stands with four pairs of eyes in the four cardinal direction keeping watch for righteous behaviour and human prosperity. This Stupa was built by King Man Deva an octagonal base inset with prayer wheels. The shrine is encircled by houses of Lamas or Buddhist priest.
Patan Durbar Square, like its counterpart in Kathmandu, is an enchanting mélange of palace buildings, artistic courtyards and graceful pagoda temples. Listed as a World Heritage Site, the former royal palace complex is the center of Patan's religious and social life, and houses a museum containing an array of bronze statues and religious objects. One remarkable monument here is a 17th-century temple dedicated to the Hindu god Krishna, built entirely of stone.
The main attractions in Patan
Besides above mentioned places to visit, there are other significant sites to be explored:
Tibetan Refugee Camp
The Bhaktapur city lies about 14 km east from Kathmandu city covers an area of four square miles ,listed world heritage site in 1979. Bhaktapur which means the city of devotees still retains a medieval charm and visitors to this ancient town are treated to myriad wonders of cultural and artistic achievements. This city is famous for woodcarving , Pottery making and waving are its traditional industries. The places of interest include Bhaktapur Darbar Square, the National Art Gallery, Bhairavnath Temple, Dattatreya Temple and Dattatreya Square.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square contains innumerable temples and other architectural wonders such as lion gate, the golden gate, 55 windows, the statue of King, the Dattatraya Temple and Nyatapola Temple